Topic: What are the local green initiatives municipalities (Phoenix, Tucson, Flagstaff) have embraced for building performance targets?
- Very few local programs
- Utilities have some programs
- State-funded projects require LEED Silver Min
- Solar programs are not as prevalent
- Advocacy Groups
Topic: Fear of the Unknown; How to overcome the challenge?
- Comments: First cost!
- Technology/controls/knowledge base
- Change/ cookie-cutter designs cheaper
- Availability of resources – water and fossil fuels
- ROR 2-3 years- extended time periods
- Throw away culture/ allowed waste for retrofits
- Staffing/ training technicians
- Fear of challenge and compliant (title 24)
- Retro-fits/re-use/space utilization
- Avoiding government policy – restriction
- Economic downturn
- Timelines – speed to market
- Moving design criteria (environmental)
- Does the technology exist? (economizers/energy recover)
- Design acceptance/risk
Topic: Overcome the sub-trade evaluation process; i.e. mechanical vs. mechanical, electrical vs. electrical, concrete vs. concrete. The building should be evaluated as a whole for a true assessment of owner value.
- Pre-qualify and compensate sub-contractors during pre-construction
- Provide to subs narratives, specs, and drawings at deliverables
- The less detail given the less info they have to work with
- Constructability reviews
- Develop design team (engineers and architects) and contractor relations
- Integrated project delivery in lieu of design/bid/build
- Value engineering analysis
- Early equipment procurement
- Construction schedule analysis
- Serviceability and maintainability analysis
Topic: Actual Operational Costs (Water, Energy, Utility Cost); Awareness of future weather trends vs. TMY3 data and potential for water shortages and other prospective operational costs.
- Utilities – electric, water, natural gas
- Water cost is going up fast
- Two biggest costs are utilities and labor
- Maintenance labor is going up
- Internal vs. external – understanding the cost/benefit of hiring internal vs hiring out
- Material – everything from filters to paper towels
- Preventative vs corrective
- Target 80% preventative vs 20% corrective
- How do we get there so we can build budgets?
- Corrective is MUCH more expensive and also creates downtime
- Predictive analysis is the tool to get us to the ratio we want
- We don’t know what we don’t see and we have fewer eyes to look
- Controllable vs non-controllable costs
- Utility rates are basically non-controllable (this will get better)
- We CAN control the consumption side!
- Targeting preventative is another huge controllable target
Topic: CFO Awareness vs Sustainability Initiative. Education?
- Better rates offered on some loans
- public awareness – potential for higher rents
- Latest innovations – architects
- Cost impacts – GCs and subs
- Decisions – owner-driven, financial partners
Topic: First Cost vs Life Cycle Costs, The Design Development Disconnect?
- Capital budget vs operational budget
- Short-term ownership vs long term ownership
- Validity of an ROI
- Emerging technologies
- Fear of change
- Immature market pricing
- Ease of information/training
Topic: Owner Operational Challenge; Validate return on investment through monitoring set point maintenance against energy consumed?
- Budget/scope expectations, avoid what to “cut” for sustainability budget
- Involving operations in discussion
- Aversion to maintaining new systems
- Preface to owners and facilities, “this won’t be the building you’re used to.”
- Addressing/changing comfort expectations
- Build sustainability into the discussion early on in programming
- Model all use scenarios
- How late do lights need to be on
- Off-season usage
- Power of tracking/displaying data
- Develop sound passive strategies in conjunction with advancing technology
- Lower barrier to entry, fewer technical operation requirements